Autism is a complex developmental disorder. It is part of a family of conditions known as Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) that typically becomes apparent during the first three years of life.
Autism comes from the Greek word ‘auto’ meaning self.
Males are four times more likely to develop autism than females.
It is four times more common than cerebral palsy and 17 times more common than Down’s Syndrome.
It was first discovered in 1943 by American child psychiatrist Leo Kanner
Autism affects 535,000 UK families.
Asperger’s Syndrome is akin to a high functioning form of autism and only 1 or 2 in 200 have a special talent.
People with autism need support with communication, social interaction and flexibility of thought.
Autism is associated with the increased likelihood of other disorders-including epilepsy, dyslexia, cerebral palsy & general learning difficulties.
The causes of autism are not known and there is no cure.